Matthew 5:21-26


Who are the ancients that Jesus speaks of in Verse 21?

The Greek word in Verse 22 that is translated as kill or murder, depending on the bible version read, is phoneuō.

What English word best suits the context for the translation of phoneuō?

Is Jesus implying that the context under which the ancients were expected to understand this law is the same that He is stating here?

Why would someone that commits phoneuō be liable to the court?

In Verse 22 Jesus says that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court. Does this mean that anger is sin?

If being angry makes you guilty or liable before the court, then to what is Jesus comparing anger?

What is the court that Jesus refers to?

What does it mean to say to your brother/neighbor, “you good for nothing” (NASV)? In the LITV the phrase is the word Raca.

What is the supreme court Jesus speaks of in Verse 22?

What is the difference in the court and the supreme court in Verse 22?

What is the significance of saying, “you fool”, to your brother/neighbor?

What is the relevancy of being angry, saying raca, or “you fool” to your brother and what does it have to with murder?

What is the “fiery hell” that Jesus speaks of at the end of Verse 22? The phrase is geenna pur.

Strong defines the word geenna as follows:

Of Hebrew origin ([H1516] and [H2011]); valley of (the son of) Hinnom; gehenna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment: - hell.

References: Joshua 15:8, 18:16; Jeremiah 19:2; Nehemiah 2:13, 3:13; 2 Chronicles 28:3, 33:6;2 Kings 33:10; Jeremiah 7:32, 19:6.

Is Jesus speaking literally of hell or a place that is referred to as a type unto hell?

Verse 23 starts with the word, therefore. What does the word therefore mean?

Jesus gives a scenario of someone going before an alter to present an offering. Why would this occasion be relevant to being angry with or offending to a neighbor?

Are there other occasions that would warrant such an inspection of our relationships?

What is the significance of leaving the offering at the alter and going to be reconciled with your brother?

What does Jesus mean by, “make friends quickly with your opponent” in Verse 25?

Does He mean that you should not answer for what is owed?

Does Jesus imply that we should get out paying what we owe by any means necessary, or by any degree of dishonestly?

Does Jesus imply that is acceptable to be in this situation again as long we don’t go to court or jail?

What is the picture of being in prison and paying debts owed from assets representative of for a Christian?